【四级/六级】四六级作文笔记
作者:无道 时间:1155天前

功能段

功能段一:现象/问题描述功能段

  1. In recent years,.…is becoming increasingly prevalent at an amazing rate.

    中文:近年来,…越来越流行。(现象描述功能句)

  2. ...has attracted extensive attention of the society,which can be found in TV programs,newspapers,university classes and many aspects of our everyday life.

    中文:当今,…得到了大家的广泛关注,并可以在..被发现。(现象描述功能句)

  3. Along with the development of society,more and more problems are brought to our attention,one of the most serious problem is..…

    中文:随着社会的发展,越来越多的问题已经得到关注,其中最严重的是…(问题描述功能句)

  4. It is generally agreed that the.…has been playing an increasingly important role in our life,which has brought us a lot of benefits but has triggered some enormous problems as well. One of the serious troubles facing us at present is..

    中文:人们一致认为,…已在我们的生活中扮演着越来越重要的角色。它给我们带来了许多好处,但也产生了一些严重的问题。目前,我们面临的严重问题之一是…。(问题描述功能句)

  5. There is no denying that...may have quite some bad influences on campus.

    中文:毫无疑问,……可能会给校园造成许多不良影响。

  6. ...brings about some unexpected problems. One problem to note is that...and many complaints are heard among college students.

    中文:..带来了意想不到的问题。其中一个问题是……同时我们也时常能听到大学生抱怨。

  7. ...is commonly one part of our life,which has long been under discussion in terms of its necessity/importance in universities.

    中文:...是我们生活的一部分,对于我们大学的必要性(重要性)正在被讨论。

  8. Complaints about..can often be heard and many college students are dissatisfied with their...

    中文:常能听到学生.…….抱怨,并且很多大学生.……不满意。

  9. A common phenomenon in colleges today is that students are highly involved in..…

    中文:如今,大学里一个常见的现象就是学生们.…

  10. The last decades have witnessed ever-increasing attention paid on...Therefore a question arises:.. ,It is natural that people can never reach the same answers.

    中文:数十年来…….的关注与日俱增。因此,引起一个问题…….自然,大家众说纷纭。

  11. In the past three decades,China has witnessed dramatic improvement in..

    中文:在过去的30年里,中国人的…….有了巨大的改善。

功能段二:份析原因功能段

总+分

①“有很多的原因导致这个现象/问题。"

②"第一个原因是.…;第二个原因是.…;第三个原因是…;"

  1. 总原因的阐述功能句 ①A number of factors are accountable for this situation.

    ②A number of factors might contribute to/account for the phenomenon/problem.

    ③The answer to this problem involves many factors.

    ④The reasons can be listed as follows.

    ⑤Here are many reasons explaining/accounting for/contributing to..

    ⑥The reasons for.mainly lie in the following two aspects.

    ⑦This argument/situation/ phenomenon/problem can be proved by the following facts.

    中文:许多原因导致这个问题、现象。

  2. 分原因阐述功能句(由具体原因数量决定) ①pne of the most common factor is...

    ②Another contributing cause is...③Perhaps the primary reason is...

    ④But the fundamental element is...

    ⑤..comes first.The second reason is..Besides,.…

    中文:第一个原因是.;第二个原因是.…;第三个原因是…;最后一个原因是…

功能段三:解决问题功能段总+分+(总)

①“我们要采取措施解决这个问题。"

②“具体的措施。"

③"措施的总结"

  1. 措施主题句

    ① In view of the seriousness of the problem of..,effective measures should be taken. 中文:面对这个问题的严重性,我们一定要采取措施解决。

    ② Confronted with..,we should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation

    中文:面对..问题,我们需要采取一系列的措施加以解决。

    ③ We should solve the problems that we are confronted with.

    中文:我们应该采取措施来解决我们正在面临的问题。

    ④ Therefore,I think there are many things people can try to cope with this problem completely.

    中文:所以,我认为在日常生活中有很多事人们所以尝试去做来彻底解决这个问题。

    ⑤ Indeed,having the courage to take the first step to act is quite essential for changing this phenomenon.As we all know,human beings are great thinkers,capable of...

    中文:有迈出第一步行动的勇气确实是很重要的。众所周知,人类是伟大的思想者,能够.……

    ⑥ As college students,we should be fully aware of...making full use of our valuable college years to...

    中文:作为大学生,我们应充分意识到.…。此外,我们应充分利用宝贵的大学时光尽可能…

    ⑦Facing these problems some advice may be helpful.

    中文:面对这些问题,一些建议或许有帮助。最重要的是,……此外……

    8.Considering the seriousness of the problem,it is necessary for sb. to do sth.

    中文:考虑到问题的严重性,…做.…是十分必要的。

  2. 分措施 ① First and foremost government should establish some regulations to...What's more,people should get ready to...After all,it is necessary to advocate the whole society to..

    中文:首先,政府需要建立规则.,老百姓需要做..…整个社会需要做…

    ② To address this problem,from my standpoint,universities should...Besides,it is necessary to..What's more,students should understand that it is more important to..…

    中文:从我的观点来看,为了解决这个问题,大学应该采用……此外……也是必要的。另外,学生应该明白在大学里更重要的是……

    ③ From my point of view,the key to this problem lies in..All that a student needs to do is to...When there is...I believe students will do better when..…

    中文:在我看来,解决这个问题的关键在.……学生们需要做的就是……当有了…….我相信学生们就会.……

    ④ From what has been discussed above,I believe..To be more specific,it will be advisable for the universities to..…among students by setting strict regulations.

    中文:综上所述,我认为……更具体地说,大学通过设立严格的规定.……是明智的做法。

  3. 解决问题总结句

    ① In summary,if we continue to ignore the above-mentioned issue,more problems will crop up.

    中文:总之,如果我们继续忽略上述问题,会有更多问题出现。

    ② With the efforts of all parts concerned,the problem will be solved thoroughly.

    中文:在大家的共同努力之前,问题一定会被解决。

    ③ All in allwe must keep highly alert of the problems evoked by it,because once the harmful influence accumulates to a certain degree,it will surely threaten the development of the whole society.

    中文:总之,我们一定要警惕它给我们带来更多的问题,因为这个负面影响积聚到一定的程度,它一定会威胁我们社会的发展。

    ④ From my point of view.College students should..…when it comes to..What's more,we should always bear in mind that...

    中文:我认为….大学生应该自己.……此外,我们应牢记.……

    ⑤ As a college student, First,I would keep learning and accumulating knowledge rather than sit idling. Second,I would stan upon the shoulders of giants, that is to say.I would borrow ideas fro great figures all over the world to draw inspiration. With the above t steps combined,I hope I can become imaginative in many ways.

    中文:作为一个大学生,为了使自己变得..…,首先我会继续学习和积累知识,而不会得过且过。其次,我会站在巨人的肩膀上,换句话说,我会借用世界知名人士的理念来获得灵感。综合做好上述两步,我希望我能够在许多方面变得富有想象力。

    ⑥ To...is not an easy task,and it requires the concerted effects of all citizens.

    中文:要扭转这一趋势并不容易,它需要所有公民的共同努力。

    ⑦ There is no immediate solution to the problem of..., but..might be quite helpful/beneficial.

    中文:问题并没有立竿见影的解决办法,但是….可能会带来很大的帮助。

功能段四:观点阐释功能段

1.“不同的人有不同的观点"

2.“一些人认为."

3.两个观点直接的衔接句

4.“另外一些人认为.."

  1. 观点主旨句(选择之一) ①People have(take,adopt,assume)different attitudes towards..…

    ②People have different opinions on this problem.

    ③People take different views on the question.

    ④There have been different opinions on this issue.

功能段五:观点结论功能段

① From what has been discussed above,we may safely draw the conclusion that..

中文:综上所述,我们可以得出下面的结论。

② It is difficult to say whether..is good or not in general as it depends very much on the situation of...However,from a personal point of view.

中文:我们很难说..是好还是坏,因为它取决于…。然而,在我看来。

③ As a college student,in order to..…what I can do is to...In other words,I will...

中文:作为一名大学生,为了避免…..我能做的就是…..换句话说,我要……

④ As a college student,I think the first step to.…is to dedicate myself to(study and to learn more useful skills,which will pave the way for my future career.)I know for sure that if I don't work hard,I have no chance to savor the beautiful scenery,beyond the ocean.

中文:作为一句大学生,我认为对我来说成功的第一步就是全身心(…..学习更多有用的技能,这将为我以后的职业打下坚实的基础)。我很清楚地知道,如果我不多力学习的话,我就没有机会欣赏太洋彼岸的美丽风景。

⑤ As I see it,…indeed of great importance as they not only help to.. but also contribute to more...Therefore,I am in favor of...

中文:在我看来,……确实很重要,因为它不仅帮助我们……还帮助我们.…….因此,我赞成.…。

⑥ Considering the above-mentioned,I can draw a natural conclusion that..…

⑦ Juding from the evidence offered,we might safely draw the conclusion that..

中文:综上所述,我们可以得出下面的结论…

功能段六:展望未来功能段

① ...is crucial for every individual.With its seemingly magic power,it can not only...,but serve as an efficient instrument for individuals to..…

中文:对每个人来说都是重要的,有了它的神奇力量,它不仅..还可以.

②It can directly promote the rapid progress of the organization and indirectly spurs continuous development of the individuals. And eventually brings economic prosperity and social harmony.

中文:它可以直接促进..还可以带来…

③Such actions accumulated can help ensure a green future.

中文:这类行动累积起来就有利于…

功能段七:漫画描述功能段

① According to the figure/number/statistics/percentages in the /chart/bar graph/line/graph,it can be seen that..

② As is vividly shown/described/depicted in the cartoon/picture,.…

中文:如图所示…

③ It can be easily seen from the picture that...The picture is intended to inform us of the bad effects of college student's..

中文:从图片中很容易可以看到,…….这幅图意在告诉我们……有着不好的影响。

④ In the picture we can see..The picture is intended to draw people's attention to the problem of...Nowadays more and more..…appear on campus,and this phenomenon has aroused a big concern.

中文:在图片中我们可以看到.…….这幅图意在使人们关注大学生开车上学的问题。如今校园里出……,这种现象引起了巨大的关注。

⑤ As is shown vividly in the picture..The picture reveals a serious problem that.…and tells us... 中文:该图生动地描述了…….图片提示了.….的严重问题,并告诉我们……

功能段八:引语解释功能段

① There is an old saying.It's the experience of our forefathers,however,it is correct in many cases even today.

中文:古话说:…”,但是现今仍然是准确的。

② obsolete as it may sound,the saying is quite sensible.It indicates that..as was remarked centuries ago by Alexander Pope,the renowned British poet. 中文:这句话听起来很过时,但是依然有道理。它告诉我们犯错是人的本性,这就像英国著名诗人亚历山大柏蒲几个世纪以前所说的那样。

③ Confucius once said,"Do not do to..which is an important principle in.…It tells us that.

中文:孔子曾有言:“这是处理人际关系的一条重要原则…….告诉我们…

④ Coco Chanel,founder of the world famous French brand Chanel,remarked:..The quote not only summarizes the secret of Chanel,but also reveals the jungle law of our society.…

中文:法国世界知名品牌香奈儿的创始人可可·香奈儿曾说过:“要想不可取代,必总是与众不同”。这句话不仅总结了香奈儿的成功秘诀...

⑤ There is a saying that goes...Simple as it sounds,the intended meaning is more than profound..…

中文:有句名言说得好:…..话听起来虽简单,其意义却非常深远。

⑥ There is such a saying...This saying not only emphasizes the importance of..but also indicates that...

中文:有这样一句名言:…….这句话不仅强调了勇气对于成功的重要性,而且指出勇是通向成功的第一步。

⑦ There goes a famous saying...It is indicated in the remark that the importance of...can never be underestimated.

中文:有一句名言说的好:…….这句话告诉我们决不能低估…….的重要性。

③ The quote stresses the importance of...by making a comparison with..It recognizes the power...on one hand,but on the other hand. it puts the accent on..…

中文:这句引语通过与逻辑做比较,强调了…….的重要性。一方面,这句引言承认了……力量,但是另一方面,它强调了…….重要性.……